The 175th Regiment of the Ohio Volunteer Infantry was mustered in on October 10, 1864 to serve one year. All companies were organized at Camp Dennison, except for I and K which were raised at Camp Chase in Columbus and sent to Dennison to join the rest of the regiment.
The regiment was ordered to the field and proceeded by way of Cincinnati and Louisville to Nashville. It performed post and garrison duty at Columbia and guarded the Tennessee and Alabama Railroad.
With General John Bell Hood's advance toward Nashville, a skirmish at the Duck River crossing near Columbia on November 28, 1864 resulted in several members of the 175th being captured. Some were sent to Cahaba Prison in Alabama for internment; others went to Andersonville Prison in Georgia.
On November 30, 1864 the regiment was assigned to the First Brigade, Third Division, Twenty Third Army Corps and placed on the left of center at Franklin - in reserve. In one of the enemy's charges, a veteran regiment gave way in utter confusion, and the 175th fixed bayonets and drove the Rebels back, gained the works and held them - repelling charge after charge. This in spite of the fact that it had never been under fire and never even had a battalion drill.
In this engagement the regiment suffered severely, losing one hundred and sixty one officers and men killed, wounded and missing.
That night and the next day the regiment fell back to Nashville and took position in Fort Negley, where it remained during the Battle of Nashville. On December 25th it was ordered to Columbia where it once more engaged in garrison duties and in guarding railroad bridges.
After Lee's surrender on April 9th of 1865 and the cessation of hostilities, the men in the Southern Prison Camps were released. 21 former prisoners of war from the 175th who were going home died on the Steamer Sultana when it blew up on April 27th on the Mississippi River south of Memphis. They were among the more than 1, 700 men that perished in the explosion.
On June 23, 1865 the 175th was ordered to Nashville where it remained five days preparing muster out rolls and discharge papers. It was mustered out on June 27th and proceeded to Camp Dennison where it arrived on July 3rd. When the regiment entered service it numbered 943 men; it returned with 582. On the 13th of July, 1865 it received its final payment and discharge.
Field and Staff
Roll of Honor
Battle of Franklin and the 175th OVI
of Battle for Union Forces at Franklin
sources: Ohio in the War, Her Statesmen Generals and Soldiers, by Whitelaw Reid, Eclectic Publishing Company, Columbus, 1893, Volume II: The History of Her Regiments and Other Military Organizations. Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861 - 1866, The Ohio Valley Press, Cincinnati, 1889. Volume IX: 141st - 184th Regiments - Infantry.